During pregnancy a lot of hormonal changes occur in the body of the pregnant women. Some of these hormonal changes have some effect on the urinary tract also which makes pregnant women susceptible to bladder infection during pregnancy.
On the other hand the increasing size of the uterus results in pressure thereby blocking free flow of urine from the bladder. Since the pressure does not allow complete emptying, the balance urine remaining stagnant becomes a source of infection. If these infections are not treated the may lead to kidney infection and other complications.
What are the symptoms of bladder infection?
- Frequent urination or feeling an urgent need to urinate
- Pain during micturition(passing urine)
- Burning sensation during micturition
- Cloudy urine
- Foul smelling urine
- Difficulty in passing urine
- Abdominal pain / back ache
- Sometimes even fever
If you feel that you might be developing a urinary tract / bladder infection during pregnancy, you must bring it your practitioners attention and seek medical treatment. A pathological report of the urine sample would let you know if there is an infection and a dose of antibiotics if required under strict supervision of your regular practitioner well aware of your pregnancy will help you cure the infection.
Though most of the urinary tract/bladder infection during pregnancy is due to hormonal changes and because the uterus exerts undue pressure and thereby prevents urine from passing freely, still there are certain steps that can be taken to avoid a urinary tract / bladder infection during pregnancy.
These are: drinking lots of water. One must drink as much as eight glasses and more of water in a day. Water has its own benefits, it rids your body of toxins and drinking enough water makes one flush out the urinary system also thereby preventing bacteria from developing there and causing infection.
Clean your private parts and remember to clean yourself from front to back.
Avoid using strong soaps and deodorants
Wear clean dry cotton undergarments. Light undergarments preferably of cotton which should be clean and dry.
Avoid wearing tight undergarments and tight fitting clothing like pantyhose etc
Pregnancy is a time to cherish, there are several measures you can take to have a healthy stress free pregnancy, like eating a healthy well balanced nutritious diet, taking in adequate amounts of water, remaining active an light exercise unless advised otherwise. Regular check up also helps take care of problems immediately.