Cramping and bleeding during pregnancy occur due to a number of reasons. Generally, cramping is to experience abdominal spasms on the back or front muscles during pregnancy. The cramps can be either mild or severe. To many women, cramps and spotting during the first pregnancy trimester is normal. Usually about 40-50% of pregnant women experience cramping and bleeding during pregnancy in the first trimester. Although these symptoms should not alarm you as much, they can be a sign of something worse such as a miscarriage in case they persist. Therefore, a pregnant woman should monitor these signs accurately and seek medical attention as soon as they occur.
Spotting often occurs in form of brownish or pinkish light discharge. It is different from menstruation blood in quality and volume. It is usually less in amount and only lasts for a few days. Therefore, you should avoid using tampons when you witness it. Instead, wear pads to avoid increasing the chances of toxic shock syndrome and uterine infection. Moreover a pad will enable you to gauge how much blood you are shedding during this moment. Generally, a darkish and heavy bleeding that contains clumps of tissue and clots could be a sign of miscarriage. However, light and irregular bleeding might be normal. Nevertheless, when the bleeding is more than the one that occurs during menstruation, you should seek medical attention. Moreover, when you experience both cramps and spotting at the same time, this could be an indication that something is wrong.
About 15% of pregnancies end up in miscarriages. Most of the miscarriages occur during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy up to the twentieth week. Therefore, if you experience cramping or bleeding after the 20th week, you risk getting pregnancy related complications such as pre-eclampsia, placental previa, placental abruption or preterm labor.
Infections are one good reason why women experience cramping and bleeding during pregnancy. Urinary tract infections for instance easily develop when a woman is pregnant. They can lead to kidney infection and premature labor when left untreated. The growth of the baby can cause cramping in pregnancy too. This usually happen due to the uterus ligaments expansion. However, these cramps are rather ordinary during the first trimester. Ectopic pregnancy can also cause bleeding. These sorts of pregnancies usually occur when the fertilized egg implants elsewhere outside the uterus. The egg can implant in the ovaries, cervix, bowel, or fallopian tubes. This can cause internal bleeding.
Implantation bleeding occurs soon after conception. After fertilization, the female egg attaches itself to the uterine wall and light discharge is likely to occur at this moment. This is due to hormonal release of substances that cause contraction of muscles. A number of other medical conditions can lead to this complication in pregnant woman. They include kidney stones, appendicitis, sub-chorionic hematoma and molar pregnancy among many others. Cervical bleeding can regularly occur during pregnancy first trimester. However, this should not be a cause to worry. Nevertheless, bleeding during the second and third trimester should be a cause for concern and warrant immediate medical attention.